Our next sortie into leadership models and theories brings us to leadership and motivation.
We’ll first take a brief look at some commonly held theories and views of motivation—Maslow, Herzberg and Fayol—before considering the work of John Adair.
Theories of Motivation
So, let’s take a look at the work of the twentieth century motivation gurus.
People often say that motivation doesn’t last. Well, neither does bathing — that’s why we recommend it daily. – Zig Ziglar
There are many competing theories and models of motivation that all help to explain the behaviour of people at certain times.
A useful starting point is Abraham Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs.
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
Maslow’s starting point is that people are needy. That they always want more. Maslow arranges these needs in five levels: